Skip to Content


Mechanisms for addressing mining issues




Who is subject


Grievance and dispute resolution mechanisms


Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

Office of the Extractive Sector Corporate Social Responsibility Counsellor [Review Mechanism to resolve disputes between Canadian companies and affected communities]

All Canadian mining companies



Organization of American States (OAS)

Inter-American Human Rights Commission (IAHRC)

35 member states of the Americas



Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Canadian National Contact Point (NCP) [to address compliance with Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises]

All Canadian oil, gas, and mining companies operating outside of Canada

2000; updated on May 25, 2011

Investment agency compliance mechanisms 


Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)

Internal Focal Point with experience in extractive sector development issues within the CSR Policy Branch

Canadian private-sector and bilateral partners funded by CIDA



Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB)

Responsible Investing Committee to approve and oversee environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors

Public companies invested in by the CPP



Export Development Canada (EDC)

Political Risk Assessment Department (PRAD), Environmental Review Advisory Committee (ERAC)

EDC financed or insured companies

2004; Equator Principles adopted in 2007; Statement of Commitment on Human Rights released in 2008


African Development Bank (AfDB)

Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU)

AfDB funded projects

2004; 3 person “Roster of Experts” appointed in 2007


Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Compliance Review Panel (CRP)

Public and private sector operations receiving support from ADB

1995; CRP operational in 2003


European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

Project Complaint Mechanism (PCM)

EBRD funded projects

2003; “Independent Recourse Mechanism” operational in 2004


Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Independent Consultation Mechanism (ICIM)

IDB funded or financed projects

1994 (Independent Investigation Mechanism); ICIM operational in 2010


Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC)

Environmental and Labor Review Procedure

IIC financed projects



International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)

Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO) [addresses compliance with IFC Performance Standards]

IFC/MIGA financed private sector projects

1999; CAO operational in 2003; Performance Standards updated on May 12, 2011


World Bank

Inspection Panel

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and International Development Agency (IDA) financed projects


Reporting and transparency initiatives


Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA/ACVM)

National Instrument 43-101 (NI 43-101) [Standards of disclosure for mineral projects]

Publically traded Canadian companies

2001; proposed changes currently under review



Equator Principles (EP) Association

Disclosure of annual reports of compliance with standards for determining, assessing, and managing social and environmental risk

Financial institutions who have adopted the EPs

2003; EP III launched in June, 2013


Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI)

EITI Validation Report and ongoing assessment

35 candidate countries

2003; Validation methodology final in 2007


Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

GRI Sustainability Report

Interested companies and organizations

2000; G3 Guidelines released in 2006; Information Hub launched in 2011


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency; Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency

“Suggested practices” for 187 member countries



Revenue Watch Institute and Transparency International

Revenue Watch Index [Annual ranking of Government Openness in Oil, Gas, and Mining Management]

41 participating countries



United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

Regulations stemming from section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act

All companies registered with the SEC (i.e., listed on U.S. stock exchanges or raise capital in the U.S.)

Law enacted in July, 2010; regulations due in December, 2011

Certification processes


International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)

Regional Mechanism for Certification of Natural Resources [Emerging from Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources (RINR) launched in 2008]

Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia

First issuing of official certificates still pending


Responsible Jewellery Council

RJC Certification System [conformance verified by audits by accredited, third party auditors]

350 member companies across the jewellery supply chain (e.g. businesses that contribute to the diamond, gold, and platinum group metals)

December, 2009


United Nations General Assembly 

Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) 

49 diamond-producing member nations


Additional United Nations declarations, principles, and standards


United Nations General Assembly

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Non-binding commitment for 145 endorsing nations



United Nations Global Compact

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights

Interested companies in the extractive sectors, non-governmental organizations



United Nations Global Compact and the United Nations Environment Programme 

Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI)

Interested institutional investors (currently over 900 signatories)



United Nations International Labour Organization (ILO)

Standard C169: The Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention

22 ratifying nations



United Nations Secretary General’s Special Representative on Business and Human Rights

Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights [Protect, Respect, and Remedy Framework]

Governments, companies, and communities based in signatory nations

Endorsed by UN Human Rights Council on June 16, 2011

Voluntary corporate social responsibility principles, standards, and guidelines


AccountAbility: Institute of Social and Ethical Accountability

AA1000 Standards: Accountability Principles, Assurance Standard, and Stakeholder Engagement Standard

Interested companies and organizations



Caux Round Table (CRT)

Principles for Responsible Business and NGOs

Interested companies and organizations




The 21st Century Corporation: The Ceres Roadmap For Sustainability

Interested companies



Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC)

Code of Conduct; Conflict-Free Smelter (CFS) Assessment Program

Interested companies in the electronics industry

2009; First list of compliant smelters published on June 1, 2011


European Commission

A renewed EU strategy 2011-14 for Corporate Social Responsibility

All companies registered in European Union member nations

Approved in Oct., 2011



GoodCompany Standard

130 organizations in 40 countries that have been assessed



International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM)

Sustainable Development Framework (10 Principles)

18 member companies; 30 national and regional mining associations and global commodity associations



International Standards Organization (ISO)

ISO 26000 (Social Responsibility)

Interested companies and organizations (for guidance only—no certification)



Mining Association of Canada (MAC)

Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) Performance Indicators

Interested companies in all sectors of the mining and mineral-processing industry



Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

Any company potentially sourcing minerals or metals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas



Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC)

e3 Plus: A Framework for Responsible Exploration

Interested exploration companies



Social Accountability International (SAI)

SA8000 Certification [by auditing firms accredited by Social Accountability Accreditation Services (SAAS)]

Certified companies and organizations



World Gold Council (WGC)

Conflict-Free Gold Standard and Chain of Custody Standard

23 WGC member companies; companies producing, transporting, and refining gold

October, 2012

Additional corporate social responsibility resources 


Centre for Excellence in Corporate Social Responsibility

Web-based hub of knowledge on CSR-related practices in the extractive sector.

Interested Canadian companies, as well as other stakeholders (government, Aboriginal organizations, NGOs, human rights associations, academics, environmental managers, and various associations)



Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (along with CDA Collaborative Learning, World Vision, and PDAC)

Understanding Conflict: Field Tool for Exploration

Interested companies and organizations

April, 2012


Environment Canada

Environmental Code of Practice for Metal Mines

Interested Canadian mining companies



Industry Canada

Corporate Social Responsibility: An Implementation Guide for Canadian Business

Interested Canadian companies



International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms

Victims and NGOs



Natural Resources Canada 

Mining Information Kit for Aboriginal Communities

Interested Aboriginal communities



Rights & Democracy: International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development

Getting it Right: Human Rights Impact Assessment Guide

Communities impacted by foreign investment


Government communications


MCC Canada communicates regularly with the Government of Canada on matters of policy. This communication takes a variety of forms, including informal meetings with individual politicians, presentations to civil servants, submissions to Parliamentary committees, and letters to Ministers of the government.

The Ottawa Office documents all written communication sent directly by MCC Canada, as well as many of the letters sent by partners or coalitions that MCC Canada supports. The following chart is intended to provide an overview of this important dimension of our work.

Date: Addressed to: Originating organization: Summary:
31-March-14 Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Mennonite Central Committee Canada A letter thanking the Minister for his intervention in support of funding for the restorative justice program Circles of Support and Accountability.
12-Feb-14 House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development Mennonite Central Committee Canada An oral presentation concerning the situation in Syria and MCC's work in the region.
03-Feb-14 Minister of International Trade Mennonite Central Committee Canada A letter concerning the government's Global Markets Action Plan.
03-Feb-14 Minister of International Development Mennonite Central Committee Canada A letter concerning the government's Global Markets Action Plan.
03-Feb-14 Minister of Foreign Affairs Mennonite Central Committee Canada A letter concerning the government's Global Markets Action Plan.
24-Jan-14 Minister of Foreign Affairs Project Ploughshares A letter concerning Canada's response to the crisis in South Sudan.
21-Jan-14 Minister of Foreign Affairs KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives A letter regarding Canada's response to the crisis in South Sudan.

Advocate for change


Bill C-6 - Cluster munitions
(formerly Bill S-10)

A call for peace in Syria


The Ottawa Office invites its constituents, friends and supporters to join in the mission of political advocacy. 

As part of our Christian life, advocacy takes many forms:

  • praying for government officials
  • writing letters to policymakers
  • meeting with elected representatives
  • raising awareness of issues through the media
  • participating in public events


Suggestions for writing a letter to your Member of Parliament

Suggestions for meeting with your Member of Parliament

Current Issues

Bill C-6: Cluster munitions
(formerly Bill S-10)

A call for peace in Syria


Past Issues

Haiti: Housing justice

Bill C-398: Access-to-medicines

Bill C-10: Omnibus crime bill

Bill C-393: Access-to-medicines

Bill C-300: Mining accountability

Responding to earthquake in Haiti

Supporting Peace in Sudan

Rebuilding Afghanistan

Working for peace in Palestine/Israel

Student seminar

2014 Student Seminar: "Inconvenient" relationships? Indigenous rights, reconciliation, advocacy


This year's seminar was held February 13-15, 2014 in Ottawa.  Thirty students from six provinces participated.  Sessions included:

  • an introduction to MCC's Ottawa Office and its witness of political advocacy,
  • sessions on Indigenous rights with MCC partners and others,
  • a case study examination of the Stoney Knoll, Saskatchewan story and the reconciliation and advocacy resulting from it,
  • the "blanket exercise" -- an experiential way of learning the history most Canadians do not know,
  • presentations by two Members of Parliament,
  • a tour of the Parliament Buildings and attendance at Question Period.


View photo gallery.


Past seminars and themes


" The seminar was refreshing, inspiring, and encouraging. It was a treat to visit the political city that Ottawa is, and witness MCC’s involvement in politics and advocacy work in Ottawa. It was also great to connect with Mennonites from all over Canada ..."
-- Laura-Lynne, student participant, 2014



More about the 2014 seminar

Photo Gallery

Student reflections




More about the 2013 seminar

Photo Gallery

Student Reflections

Syndicate content